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Naval Postgraduate School
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As action-oriented organizations, fire departments have traditionally played a reactive role in public safety, responding to emergencies in progress to protect the lives, and property of their citizens. The problem is that the world has changed. Increasing terrorist threats against our homeland and the potential for pandemic or other natural disasters are shifting the mission and placing new unconventional demands on the fire department. Meeting these challenges will require strategies to...
Topics: First responders, Delphi method, Terrorism, United States, Prevention, Civil defense
On January 11, 2007, China successfully tested an anti-satellite (ASAT) weapon. This thesis seeks to view the test's implications with regards to the prospect of China holding a false impression of offense dominance by using its ASAT weapon to temporarily create a shift in the strategic balance between it and the United States. Although China announced to the world that its test was not directed at any one country, its military strategic observers have assumed to identify the strategic weakness...
Topics: War, Causes, Access denial (Military science), China, Astronautics and state, Anti-satellite...
We provide a detailed analysis of direct detection lightwave systems employing an optical preamplifier at the receiver and derive the closed form expression for the bit error probability of WDM systems emvloying on-off keying (OOK) as modulation format. In our analysis, we consider various cases in which the receiver model uses either a finite-time integrator or Fabry-Perot filter operating in a sinfgle channel or multi-channel environment. We take into account the optical amplifier noise, the...
Topic: NA
As broadband connections to the home become more prevalent, through Digital Subscriber Lines (DSL) and cable modems, students and faculty will desire to access the NPS Internet via these new means instead of their 56K modems. The introduction of these new technologies will require NPS to re- evaluate how to allow remote access to their internal resources in a secure way, while still allowing for the use of broadband technologies. This thesis will examine the alternative methods for implementing...
Naval Postgraduate School
- Kantemnidis, Dimitrios
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Employing a theory from the natural sciences to analyze a topic of social sciences is a procedure that can benefit decision makers, who can avoid mistakes by testing their decisions with the help of mathematical models. This thesis provides an overview of Chaos Theory—why it has been accepted in the natural sciences, specifically in physics—and whether it can be relevant for the IR domain of social sciences. The applicability of Chaos Theory to the physics domain is examined through the OGY...
Topics: Chaos theory, international relations, social sciences, physics, driven damped pendulum,...
Sonars used to count migrating salmon in the Pacific Northwest must operate in a complicated and variable acoustic environment. This paper discusses the acoustic properties which affect the performance of salmon enumeration methods. The methods used must be able to take into account variable site geometry and river bed characteristics. From this information, a background and target reverberation levels can be calculated. Using this information, guidelines for sonar site selection and...
Naval Postgraduate School
- Hisey, Braden W.
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Peace operations are a relatively new phenomenon that emerged in the 20th Century. Because of a more interconnected world due to globalization, they have undergone rapid development as the nature of crises to which international intervenors respond have evolved to include events that were formerly considered sovereign affairs of a state. One such problem, pertaining more often than not to African countries, is the collapse of the state and the ascendancy of a warlord who exploits the state's...
Topics: Warlordism, Sierra Leone, Warlordism and international relations, Intervention (International law)
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis reports the results of a business activity modeling exercise to explore how a functional manager in DoD can best improve and redesign one's business processes. The validity of exercise results was assessed and found to be generally accurate with minor modifications. The business activity model was constructed by a faculty/student team in August of 1992, in support of DoD's Corporate Information Management (CIM) initiative. This team used an Integrated Definitions Language (IDEFO)...
Topics: Identify customer needs, Incremental process improvement, Radical business process redesign or...
This thesis addresses the concepts of productivity measurement. Productivity measurements are gene as a ratio between outputs and inputs. The criteria for identifying and quantifying the output and input components are explored. The methodology used by the Bureau of Labor and Statistics are examined to provide insight into the application of the concepts of productivity measurement. Business and government sectors outputs are identified and partial and multifactor productivity measurements...
Topics: Output/input, partial and multifactor productivity, white collar productivity, Information...
Terrorist organizations require financial resources to fund their activities. Therefore, the struggle to stem the flow of terrorist financing is one of the most crucial aspects of an effective strategy to combat terrorism. This thesis aims to form an effective strategy to counter terrorist financing. To reach more accurate outcomes, this thesis focuses on a specific terrorist organization, the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), which has been a problem in Turkey for over 30 years. The study...
Topics: countering terrorist financing, Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan, PKK, drug trafficking, Turkey, theory...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The Defense Travel System (DTS) was established with the intent of streamlining the Department of Defense’s (DoD) travel claims and reimbursement process for users. The DTS has fallen short of expectations, far exceeds budgetary estimates, and perpetuates a culture of rigid rules and cumbersome administrative processes that burden the warfighter. The research presented here outlines the background and current process of the DTS, and examines leading process improvement techniques including...
Topics: Defense Travel System, DTS, Lean Six Sigma
There is increasing attention from the military to understand the potential benefit of enhancing service members’ meals with omega-3 nutrients to improve their overall mental health. This research warrants attention due to the increase in the number of military members returning from wars with mental health issues such as PTSD and depression, and an increasing number of military members who are medically discharged for these mental health issues. Using the 2011 DOD Health Related Behaviors...
Topics: Mental health, fish oil, omega-3, PTSD, depression, suicide ideation, military
The REpresentation and MAintenance of Process knowledge (REMAP) model supports the various stakeholders involved in software design during development and maintenance by capturing the rationale behind design decisions. This process knowledge is invaluable
Topics: REMAP, KBSA, REFINE, Andersen Consulting, IBIS, Requirements Engineering, Deliberations,...
This thesis will examine the emerging role of a sub-regional organization dealing with peacekeeping and peacemaking missions on the post-Cold-War period in West Africa. This examination will focus mainly on ECOWAS and ECOMOG, its military wing, as the most prominent sub-regional organization in conducting peacemaking and peacekeeping missions in Africa. This thesis will focus on the first generation interventions of ECOWAS/ECOMOG in undertaking peacemaking and peacekeeping missions in Liberia...
Topics: International relations, Economics, Peace, Liberia, Evolution of UN peacekeeping, Sub-regional...
The Army is undergoing a major realignment in accordance with the Joint Vision 2010/2020 transformation to establish an enterprise command that is the single authority to operate and manage the Army Enterprise Information Infrastructure (Infrastructure). However, there are a number of critical network management issues that the Army will have to overcome before attaining the full capabilities to manage the full spectrum of Army networks at the enterprise level. The Army network environment...
Topics: Intelligent Agent, SNMP, Enterprise Network Management, CoABS, Army Enterprise Infostructure,...
This thesis examines Cuban involvement in Angola and Ethiopia in light of Cuba's Foreign policy and Cuban Soviet relations. Utilizing the two case studies, it analyzes the degree to which Cuban activities in Africa were Soviet directed or Soviet sponsored. The conclusion is that Cuba exhibited substantial relative autonomy in Angola, but limited autonomy in Ethiopia. That conclusion is applied to Cuba in the 1990's, in which the current wave of democracy spreading throughout Eastern Europe and...
Topics: International relations, Economics., Cuban Foreign Policy, Cuban-Soviet Relations, Cuba and Africa,...
This thesis presents an overarching plan to migrate a time-optimal spacecraft control algorithm from the MATLABTM development environment into an FPGA-based embedded-platform development board. Research at the Naval Postgraduate School has produced a revolutionary time-optimal spacecraft control algorithm based upon the Legendre Pseudospectral method. Currently, the control algorithm is dependent on the MATLABTM environment, a fourth generation language (4GL). 4GLs are powerful high-level...
Topics: Computer programming, Algorithms, Engineering
Naval Postgraduate School
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What countermeasures best strengthen the confidentiality, integrity and availability (CIA) of the implementation of cloud computing within the DoD? This question will be answered by analyzing threats and countermeasures within the context of the ten domains comprising the Certified Information System Security Professional (CISSP) Common Body of Knowledge (CBK). The ten domains that will be used in this analysis include access control; telecommunications and network security; information...
Topics: Cloud computing, Risk management, Cryptography, Computer security
Naval Postgraduate School
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The intelligence making process, often described as the intelligence cycle, consists of phases. Congestion may be experienced in phases that require time consuming tasks such as translation, processing and analysis. To ameliorate the performance of those timeconsuming phases, a preliminary classification of intelligence items regarding their relevance and value to an intelligence request is performed. This classification is subject to false positive and false negative errors, where an item is...
Topic: Operations research
The Officer Data Card (ODC) is an automated record that provides up-to-date data about U.S. Navy officers for use in detailing and promotion boards. Policy regarding ODCs requires controlled access and dissemination of ODC information. A better understanding of the policies associated with ODCs could allow current technologies to be employed to support their use and management. This work builds a model for ODC dissemination based on current policies and practices. A process model is built to...
Topics: personnel records, ODC, originator control, ORCON, dissemination control, access control,...
Naval Postgraduate School
- MacHardy, William R.
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Starting with a least squares formulation of the parameter estimation problem, both fixed data and data-adaptive iterative algorithms are developed. We apply two new techniques, namely diagonal perturbation and multiple partitioning, to existing finite impulse response (FIR) and infinite impulse response (IIR) fixed data matrix splitting algorithms, resulting in improved performance. Also, we extend the fixed data algorithms to the data-adaptive case, and contrast them with FIR and IIR...
Topics: Algorithms, Convergence., Finite Impulse Response, Infinite Impulse Response, Matrix Splitting,...
Naval Postgraduate School
- Robertson, Wallace J.; Swenson, Robert A.
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With the collapse of the Soviet threat, the Army is finding itself in a period of significant change: changes in funding, size, focus and missions. To adapt to this change, the Army needs to be more innovative. This thesis examines the subject of innovative change. It analyzes a case of successful innovative change in the 101st Airborne Division's support structure. Prior to and during Operation Desert Shield, the Division adopted the LAB/FOB support concept that contributed significantly to...
Topic: Innovative changes
Naval Postgraduate School
- Alchazidis, Nikolaos.
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One of the main problems that affect the data integrity of passive RFID systems is the collision between the tags. A popular anticollision algorithm which dominates the standards in HF and UHF passive RFID systems is Framed Slotted Aloha (FSA) and some variations of FSA. Throughput and Average time delay of the RFID system which determines the performance/efficiency of the system are reduced rapidly when the number of tags inside the interrogation zone is increased. Using larger frame sizes is...
Topics: Systems engineering, Electrical engineering, Radio frequency, Algorithms, Radio frequency...
This quarter’s Compilation of Abstracts summarizes cutting-edge, security-related research conducted by NPS students and presented as theses, dissertations, and capstone reports. Each expands knowledge in its field.
Naval Postgraduate School
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For this project we used the Organizational Systems Framework (OSF) model, coupled with the skills learned through our MBA core courses, to analyze a local business, address possible organizational problems, and provide recommendations for change. This project will help the organization define/redefine its mission, understand its competitive advantage, and increase its overall long-term profit objectives. We will take the lessons learned from our analysis and consider their applicability to...
Topics: Decision making., Organizational Systems Framework, Consulting Report, Business Analysis, Design...
Recognizing the need to extend aircraft service lives, Naval Air Systems Command developed the Integrated Maintenance Concept (IMC). IMC was seen as an opportunity to integrate tasks over all levels of maintenance and balance the operational, engineering, and fiscal aspects of an aircraft's preventative maintenance program. Implementation of IMC has resulted in several unintended consequences, most importantly degraded readiness. Aircraft rebuild and in-process work required of squadron...
Topics: Helicopters., Naval Aviation Maintenance, H-60 Helicopter Depot Level Maintenance, Integrated...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Today mobile devices have become powerful and ubiquitous. The conveniences afforded by these devices do not come without a cost, however. The use of mobile devices and mobile networks poses a significant risk to privacy. Four privacy requirements for mobile networks are identified: content privacy, identity privacy, location privacy, and authentication. This work focuses on content privacy. Two threats to content privacy are identified: the casual observer and the attacker. This work seeks to...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The struggle between development and conservation remains salient with today's focus on global climate change. This conflict is seen most clearly in the Brazilian Amazon. International, developed nations advocate conservation, while developing nations fight for progress. Conservationists expect international organizations, developed nations, and domestic grassroots organizations to pressure the Brazilian government in conserving the Amazon. Development advocates point to the need to stabilize...
Topics: Environmental protection, Brazil
The northern Pacific Ocean is a highly dynamic region characterized by strong decadal signals, as evident in climate regime shifts. A regime shift marks when the climate exhibits an abrupt modification from one physical environment to another. The mesoscale variability seen in regime shifts is poorly represented in earth system models. To best understand the changes in the Arctic Ocean, we must analyze the Pacific Oceans influence on the Arctic through regional models. This study synthesizes...
Topics: Oceanography, modeling, regime shifts, Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO), climate change, Bering...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis discusses multi-national cooperation in space operations and its dependence on the human component. It includes a discussion of the history of U.S.-Russian cooperation, specifically the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, the Shuttle-Mir Program and finally the origins of the International Space Station (ISS). This thesis goes into detail about the communication process between the International Space Station, the Mission Control Center-Houston (MCC-H) and the Mission Control Center-Moscow...
Topics: Space stations, Astronautics, Soviet Union, United States, Communication systems
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis explores how the Philippine-American security cooperation can contribute to building a sustainable peace in Mindanao by analyzing the proceedings and outcome of the 2002 RP-US Balikatan exercise at Basilan Island. Balikatan 02-1 was a counterterrorism cooperation wherein US military forces were deployed to the southern Philippines and provided training, equipment, and intelligence information assistance to the AFP in their combat operations against the Abu Sayyaf Group. Balikatan...
Topics: Counterinsurgency, National security, Terrorism, Prevention
The purpose of this study is to develop a computer program that will predict the damage progression in composite plates subjected to bending loads. Kwon's micromechanical model is used to compute the smeared effective moduli from the material properties of fiber and matrix as well as to determine stresses at the constituent level. Failure criteria based on micro-stresses are then applied to determine the extent and type of damage that occur in the composite under various loading conditions. The...
Topic: NA
Naval Postgraduate School
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The purposes of this research are to determine whether it is financially feasible and attractive to install sea water air conditioning (SWAC) at Naval Base (NB) Guam, which the Naval Facilities Engineering Command currently deems to be true; to develop an acquisition strategy that NB Guam would be able to use to procure a SWAC system; and to identify any environmental obstacles associated with installing a SWAC system at NB Guam. This includes environmental impact studies and potential...
Topics: sea water air conditioning, SWAC, Naval Base Guam, energy saving performance contract, ESPC
Social media is on the forefront of leading capabilities to share information faster, more broadly, and to extremely large, targeted audiences. To many in the business of disseminating information quickly to these broad audiences, social media is a critical enabler. Areas of homeland security, and in particular, critical infrastructure protection, rely significantly on sharing information with partners across the mission yet are consistently criticized for their inability or ineffectiveness at...
Topics: Critical infrastructure, Information Sharing, Social Media, Web 2.0
The Marine infantryman is carrying too much weight in combat. This thesis analyzes the trade-offs between individual load weights and the value that a Distributed Operations squad receives from the equipment its members carry. We use multiple objective decision analysis principles to help determine the coefficients for an integer linear programming model. The optimization model prescribes equipment assignment to individual positions that maximizes squad mission success while meeting target...
Topics: Decision making, Linear programming, Integer programming, Operations research
Naval Postgraduate School
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Hungary has gone through its third democratic election since the systemic changes in 1989. There is clear continuity in the foreign policy goals of the government, including Euro-Atlantic integration efforts (Hungary became a NATO member in March 1999, and is expecting to acquire accession to the European Union in the near future). The priority of building good relations with the countryâ s neighbors remains strong. Hungary has gone through military reform. By the end of 1997, it had finished...
This thesis examines the use of Non-intrusive Load Monitoring (NILM) in auxiliary shipboard systems, such as a low pressure air system, to determine the state of equipment in larger connected systems, such as the main propulsion engines. Using data collected on previously installed NILM's at the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Philadelphia DDG-51 Land Based Engineering Site (LBES), major event changes were analyzed and diagnosed using power data collected from the in-service low pressure air...
Topics: Ships, Marine engines
Newly-minted naval officers will be judged by seniors on the merits of their writing skills. Required undergraduate English composition courses do not prepare officers to write clear, well-organized correspondence required during active duty service. This project answers the following question: will written communication training provided to midshipmen prior to commissioning enable them to report to their first assignments with the written communication knowledge and skills to communicate their...
Topics: Academic writing., managerial communications, communications effectiveness, communications...
With the absence of nuclear weapons testing there has been an increase in the reliance on simulation and modeling for the analysis of nuclear weapons effects. The principal objective of this dissertation was to develop a particle code for modeling the spatial distribution and temporal decay of ionized fission fragments and beta-decay electrons injected into the magnetic field of the earth. No known code existed for this explicit purpose. The code provides a robust, realistic computational...
Topic: Magnetic bubbles.
The idea of communication through collaboration is not new, however, the need to collaborate efficiently with subject matter experts has become essential towards establishing a competitive advantage among individuals, groups, and organizations. As networks expand, organizations flatten, and globalization continues, geographically distributed collaborative networks have become pervasive and are more common as a way of conducting daily business and resolving problems. Developing the ability to...
Topics: Communication in social work, Social networks
The problem confronting The Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Department of Defense (DoD), and Americaâ s private sector is how to collectively protect the nationâ s critical infrastructure. The challenge for the DHS is in motivating partnerships across the public, private, and DoD domains, each with different organizational and cultural objectives governed under a federalist system. The relevance of this problem lies in the vulnerability of Americaâ s economic and military...
Topics: Civil defense, United States, Industries, Natural disasters, Taxation
Naval Postgraduate School
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Extreme examples like the Spanish Flu pandemic of 1918 make clear the devastating impact that communicable diseases can have on military readiness. It is highly desirable to have models and tools that can be used to evaluate the course of a disease over time. These tools can help assess the effectiveness of strategies employed to contain the outbreak such as constraining movement, wearing protective gloves or masks, closing high traffic areas, etc. Armed with these tools, a medical practitioner...
Topics: Communicable diseases, Computer simulation, Mathematical models, Human behavior, Disease, Modeling,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Shipboard Supply Officers' training focuses on maintaining accountability and very little on operational logistics, which is only presented at predeployment briefs that last one or two days. Many Supply Officers suffer information overload during these briefs, thus making the effectiveness of the briefs questionable. On the other hand, there is insufficient information on port services and lessons learned for effective planning. This project proposes the implementation of a Web-Based Logistics...
Topics: Management., Web-based Naval supply logistics information system, Naval supply logistics, Naval...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis examines Albania, one of the newest Alliance members, as a case study in the debate as to whether small states serve as security importers or providers in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). It investigates the hypothesis that the benefits for NATO as a whole associated with Albania's NATO membership outweigh the costs. Albania's accession to NATO, the evolution of its roles, and its potential for expanded contributions are evaluated to assess the advantages and costs of...
Topics: Albania, NATO, partnership, membership, PfP, small states, enlargement, North Atlantic Treaty,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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In this thesis, we present an innovative scheme to favor the selection of M out of N available high-performing channels in multi-channel wireless networks through the application of states to individual channels. One channel selection scheme is random selection, which can lead to poor network performance when one or more data channels are disadvantaged. This is due to the inability of random selection to discriminate between high performing and disadvantaged channels. The novel proposed channel...
Topics: State-based Channel Selection, Multi-Channel Wireless Networks, Adaptive Channel Selection, Sensor...
Sodium Sulfate hot corrosion of a SiC/LAS composite was studied using conventional transmission electron microscopy and selected area diffraction. Changes in the morphology, composition and crystallography of the phases in the glass-ceramic matrix and the fiber/matrix interface were studied. Microchemical analysis using energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) was also performed on all phases detected. Three samples were studied: (1) as-received, (2) no salt coating and annealed in argon, and...
Topic: NA
This thesis assesses the political and military challenges facing the Republic of Moldova, as an armed neutral in the regional security architecture of the Black Sea Basin. The eastward expansion of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) has turned the Black Sea region into an area of overlapping partnerships, programs, and projects geared toward stabilization, development, and preparation for integration into Euro-Atlantic institutions. Past experience shows...
Topics: Republic of Moldova, Black Sea Basin, Security, National Security, Military Security, Regional...
Naval Postgraduate School
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One of the most difficult concepts in the area of integral multivariate calculus is finding the limits of integration. This thesis describes an interactive computer program designed to help students understand this important concept. The program shows how a given domain is plotted and teaches how to find the limits of integration when evaluating two-dimensional integrals. The program allows the user to enter any known information about a region and then evaluates the integral. The region is...
Topics: Double integrals, Integral calculus
The U.S. Navy's Transformation Roadmap is leading the fleet in a smaller, faster, and more technologically advanced direction. Smaller platforms and reduced manpower resources create opportunities to fill important positions, including ship-handling control, with technology. This thesis investigates the feasibility of using commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) speech recognition software (SRS) for conning a Navy ship. Dragon NaturallySpeaking Version 6.0 software and a SHURE wireless microphone were...
Topics: Ship handling, Warships, Handling, United States, Automatic speech recognition
Naval Postgraduate School
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Modern phased array radar uses multifunction subarray antennas in a distributed fashion. Distributed subarrays (DSA) have the advantages of more efficient scheduling of track and search functions, rapid steering capability, decreased complexity in digital beamforming and better angular resolution. However, one disadvantage of the DSA are the extra grating lobes due to large subarray spacing which can cause ambiguities in angle measurements and excess background clutter. A possible approach to...
Topics: Subarray, Two-way Pattern, Distributed Subarray Antenna, Phased Array, Pattern Multiplication
The culture, design, and operation of the maritime industry all contribute to create an error-inducing system. As oil tankers have become larger, the tolerance for error has decreased as the consequences have increased. Highly visible oil spills have made society more aware of the dangers inherent with transporting oil at sea. A probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) provides a formal process of determining the full range of possible adverse occurrences, probabilities, and expected costs for any...
Topics: PROBABILITY, OIL SPILLS, BOAT AND SHIP ACCIDENTS
Naval Postgraduate School
- Berigan, Michael C.
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The Adaptive Architectures for Command and Control (A2C2) project is a four-year effort sponsored by the Office of Naval Research to explore adaptation in command and control structures. The project's first experiment involves studying interaction between task structure and organization structure. Although the organization structure dimension of interest was clear, not enough was known of the dimensions of task structure to determine the dimension of interest without further study. This thesis...
Due the remarkable growth in the size and complexity of airlift operations, there is an increased need for planning tools to assist decision makers with issues ranging from selecting the number and types of aircraft for an airlift fleet to making informed decisions with respect to investing or divesting in overseas air bases. In Fiscal Year (FY) 94 research was initiated in the Operations Research Department of the Naval Postgraduate School in response to a request from the United States Air...
Since 1953 there has been a fierce military competition between the Republic of Korea (ROK) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK). The DPRK has committed over 10% of its GNP since 1963 to defense expenditures, whereas, the ROK has spent a relatively small portion (3-6%) of GNP over the same period. Because the U.S. plans to withdraw from the ROK in the near future, a heavy burden will be imposed upon the South Korean government to maintain its national defense. The U.S....
Topics: Balance of power, Armed Forces, Appropriations and expenditures, Dissertations, Academic., Korea,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The process for determining the impact on direct labor maintenance man-hours by applying expert systems to diagnosis aircraft discrepancies is addressed. Based on field interviews with Navy enlisted maintenance technicians and technical representatives, average direct labor maintenance man-hour cost savings are projected by applying expert systems. The interviews contained quantitative and qualitative information to formulate the potential cost savings. To enhance tuture investigative efforts,...
ons and academia should provide law enforcement analyst instruction. Each chapter addresses a different component of the challenge in the education and training law enforcement analysts. This thesis also provides recommendations for future law enforcement analyst instruction.
Topics: Intelligence officers, Law enforcement
Naval Postgraduate School
- Brianas, Christopher G.
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The purpose of this MBA Project was to investigate and provide a comprehensive evaluation of the current Department of the Navy Procurement Metrics that are collected. These metrics are collected by the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Acquisition Management. This project was conducted at their request and with their support. The goal of this project was to determine if the current metrics are the appropriate procurement performance measures. Specifically, this MBA...
Naval Postgraduate School
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In light of the Navy's transformation plan, advanced business education is increasing in importance. As part of the Navy's Sea Power 21 strategy, Sea Enterprise encourages Naval Aviation to steer historical management practices towards better business practices. As pilots and Naval Flight Officers evolve from Mission Commander to Commanding Officer, they must be equipped with requisite business skill sets to engage the challenge of balancing aircraft modernization with current readiness. This...
Topics: Business education graduates|zUnited States., Naval Aviators, Naval Aviation, Aviation Officer...
In this dissertation we explore the use of service level agreements (SLAs) to improve the quality and management of software intensive systems. SLAs are typically used in outsourcing contracts for post-production support. We propose that SLAs be used in software acquisition to support quality and process control throughout the lifecycle (requirements engineering through post-production support) of a software-intensive system. The hypothesis was tested using two methodologies. The first method...
Topics: Methodology., Software Engineering, Software Metrics, Software Management, Software Acquisition,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The purpose of this MBA Project was to investigate and employ better business practices and stakeholder value determination feedback to adeptly respond to a mandated 25% reduction in base services contract expenses for FY06, and to present our methods in such as manner as to be readily reproducible by other Navy installations. This project was conducted with the assistance of Naval Region Southwest, the Center for Naval Analysis, the International City Managers Association, and Public Works...
Topics: Armed Forces|xAppropriations and expenditures., Base Services, Cost Benefit Analysis, Value...
This thesis analyzed the principles and concepts of Marine Aviation Logistics doctrine at the tactical level and the current Information Management Systems used to execute mission requirements. A web-enabled prototype for Marine Aviation Logistics Squadrons (MALS) was developed to optimize management and decision support for deliberate, time sensitive and crisis action planning of aviation support operations. The first iteration of the prototype was tested by two Operations (S-3) Officers...
Topics: Databases, Information technology, Management
The ability to provide position information of wireless emitters comprises a very important communication tool and has extremely valuable applications to military as well as civilian life. GSM is the most popular method of modulation adopted around the world, for mobile telephony. This thesis is focused on the Time Difference Of Arrival (TDOA) estimation, applied to GSM signals, in noisy channels. Improvements in denoising, in conjunction with wavelet processing, are proposed for estimating the...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The challenges involved in developing new products for the marketplace or for military use in today’s dynamic and technologically advanced environment are more complex than ever before. To meet the demands of these challenges, military and business organizations need to cooperate and manage multiple tasks jointly to provide successful and improved products for end users and customers. The competitive advantage gained by superior products determines the survival of a military force on the...
Topics: Culture, Teams, Conflict
Organizational change is extremely challenging within hierarchical public organizations. Hierarchical structures, deeply embedded cultures, and employee resistance are some of the characteristics that impede an organizations ability to transform and implement change. In February 2005, Defense Supply Center Richmond (DSCR) began a transformational process entitled Business Systems Modernization (BSM) to improve organizational performance by providing higher value to its customers, attaining...
Topics: Management science|zUnited States., Organizational Change, Organizational Transformation,...
This thesis investigates why the Lost Boys, a group of young South Sudanese refugees who have long expressed a desire to return home, are not returning in numbers. It finds that variables generally cited in the existing literature (family ties, securing, occupational opportunities and patriotism) have similar values for those who have resettled permanently in the US, those who have returned to South Sudan, and those who have expressed interest in returning but not done so. Personal factors such...
Topics: Repatriation., Lost Boys, Diaspora, Refugees, repatriation, South Sudan
Proportional Navigation and Command To Line Of Sight missile guidance are explored. A system flow graph is developed for each guidance technique. The block transfer functions are developed and a state space representation of the system is defined. The missile systems are then tested using one two-dimensional engagement and two three-dimensional engagement scenarios. The final three- dimensional scenario introduces measurement noise in order to evaluate the effect of noise on the guidance...
This thesis examines the relationship between ship type and separation by Surface Warfare junior officers. The data used in this thesis were taken from the Navy's Officer Master Tapes (OMT), provided by the Center for Naval Analyses, and Officer Promotion History Data Files, collected by the Department of the Navy for all officers. A total of 8,260 officers who entered the Navy from 1976 to 1990 were analyzed by ship mission category; and an additional 2,125 officers who were screened for...
This thesis analyzes the effects of planned U.S. Navy reduction in forces on the career path of Surface Warfare Officers progressing towards Command at Sea. FORECASTER, a Markovian model for forecasting naval officer distributions, was used to conduct steady state and transient analyses of current and planned billet data for FY 1990 - FY 1995. Results of these analyses indicated that a larger portion of officers will be serving in follow-on division officer tours, single (longer) department...
Topics: Sailors., SWO career path, command opportunity, FORECASTER model
One problem facing the Computer Aided Prototyping System (CAPS) project at the Naval Postgraduate School, is the lack of a large repository of existing reliable software components to draw upon for the creation of new prototype designs. Specifically, it i
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After the Cold War the transatlantic link between Europe and America is no longer self-explanatory. The allies focus increasingly on internal problems and prosperity of their own countries. Traditional alliances and partnerships seem to play a diminished role. However, this dividing trend is countered by a number of new problems, uncertainty about the future, and a worldwide interrelation in many facets of political, economic, social, and technological life. The state is no longer able to solve...
Turbulent heat fluxes in the Greenland, Norwegian and Barents Seas during March 1988, February and March 1989, November 1991 and January and March 1992 have been calculated with the bulk method using shipboard-based measurements of wind speed, air and sea surface temperatures, relative humidity and atmospheric pressure. The largest mean total turbulent heat flux, near 250 W/m2, was in the Greenland Sea in March 1989. The Norwegian Sea had mean turbulent heat fluxes of 130 W/m2, whereas the...
The redesign, data acquisition system installation, and software development for the cold-flow Turbine Test Rig is reported. The turbine tested was the Space Shuttle Main Engine High Pressure Fuel Turbopump first stage 'Alternate Turbopump Development' model designed and manufactured by Pratt & Whitney. The purpose of - this research was to establish a continuously operating, cdd-flow, turbine test facility which could be used for future laser-Doppler-velocimetry measurements in the tip...
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This thesis examines the United States' relationship with Portugal and its significance for past, present, and future U.S. use of basing facilities in the Azores. The U.S.-Portuguese relationship is grounded largely in U.S. geostrategic imperatives and Portuguese military needs. Several factors, including changes in the USSR and Eastern Europe and Portugal's economic revitalization and increasing ties with Europe, justify a reappraisal of certain aspects of Portugal's military relationship with...
Topics: Portugal, Azores, Lajes, Beja, Flores, Security assistance program, Slazar, Soares, Silva,...
Naval Postgraduate School
- Raney, Elisa Anne.
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Topaz II is a Russian made nuclear powered satellite purchased by the United States. This thesis provides a vibration analysis of the power unit of Topaz II. Several experimental vibration tests were conducted on the actual power unit by Sandia National Laboratories, in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Utilizing Structural Dynamics Research Corporation's I-DEAS software, this model was tested using the same vibration test values as those performed on the actual power unit. The lateral and axial,...
Control of a Naval construction project is a significant and difficult problem. Project complexity, and contract type, military urgency, and contractor identity affect the degree and type of control necessary. This thesis discusses a summary of essential guidance for performance of functions; the interdependency of cost, quality, time, and performance; and a survey of techniques and methods for managing each of these parameters. A naval construction project can be one of the most difficult...
Topics: Shipbuilding, Quality control, Dissertations, Academic, Project management., Project Management,...
The term tropical transition (TT) is used to describe the formation of a tropical cyclone from an extratropical precursor. The overarching goal of this thesis is to re-examine TT in the western North Pacific. This is accomplished via the synthesis of a subjective climatology of all tropical cyclones (TCs) from 20022008 and a case study analysis of ensemble prediction data for the particularly intriguing event of TS 16W in September of 2008. The climatological analysis indicated that TT events...
Topics: Tropical Cyclones, Tropical Transition, Potential Vorticity
The terminal environment in the aviation domain is referred to as the region within close proximity of airports. Performance in this environment leaves little room for error and requires that pilots are fully aware of their situation and surroundings. This is especially true when conducting an instrument approach (IA). Currently, United States Marine Corps (USMC) KC-130J units do an exceptional job of training their pilots in this environment. However, the emergence of new technologies affords...
Topics: part-task trainer, instrument approach procedures, situation awareness, aviation, knowledge
This thesis studies the impact that imperfect preventive maintenance has on the availability of aircraft and, as a result, the decrease in operational effectiveness. We further consider the practicality of using an imperfect preventive maintenance model for determining preventive maintenance scheduling. Simulation was used to recreate the operational environment in order to study the effects that levels of imperfect preventive maintenance have on the aircraft during execution of an actual fleet...
Topics: Maintenance., Availability, imperfect preventive maintenance
This thesis examines if adjusting the service obligation for officers who pursue advanced-level degrees has the potential to increase returns to investment from Navy-funded graduate education. Using a qualitative approach of focus groups and one-on-one interviews with thirty-five Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) resident students, this thesis aims to identify the primary factors Navy officers consider when deciding to attend fully funded graduate education at NPS, how these factors vary by...
Topics: Navy-funded graduate education, minimum service obligation, returns from fully funded graduate...
As part of the Office of Naval Research's study of advanced energy technologies, this research examined the development and implementation of a control system for the compression phase of a small-scale compressed air energy storage system, using a solar-powered microgrid to store energy as compressed air for later use. The compression system is composed of numerous commercial-off-the-shelf components wherever possible. All electronic components must also be able to communicate with the control...
Topics: compressed air, solar, energy storage, automation, industrial control
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This thesis evaluates the costs and benefits of the Navy's drug prevention policies. Benefits stem from both deterrence and detection effects of the policies. By using data from the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, and Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behavior Among Military Personnel, the existence and magnitude of the deterrence effect is estimated. The gross benefits of the zero tolerance policy are calculated based on the costs avoided by deterring and detecting users....
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This thesis examines the use of a simulation model as a method Industrial Operations Command, U.S. Army, can use to assess container operations at its eleven munitions depots. The model, called AmmoBox, is tailored to depot container procedures and equipment resource constralnts. It provides data on daily container output, and container processing time. Hawthorne Army Depot is used to illustrate the process. The model approximates the depot's container capability, and the simulation results...
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This thesis is intended to provide a Navy Logistician with an overview of computer modeling and simulation uses and management within the Department of the Navy. This thesis research indicates a large demand for models and simulations with joint applicability. It also indicates the need for the Navy to examine modeling and simulation management and organization to ensure economic and effective utilization. With decreasing Department of Defense budgets, the efficient management of this critical...
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This thesis is centered upon an optimal trajectory generation algorithm that allows real-time control for cooperation of multiple quadrotor vehicles for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance missions with minimal user input. The algorithm is designed for an indoor environment where global positioning system data is unavailable or unreliable, forcing the vehicles to obtain position data using other sensors. This thesis specifies the lab setup and well as the control approach used. Data...
Topics: Quadrotor, Cooperation, Quanser, LQR, Direct Methods, Trajectory Generation, Trajectory Following,...
which is especially true for the state of Florida. Consequently, plans have been slow to be developed that address the continuity of this level of education. This oversight would lead to a loss of academic continuity if a school were damaged or rendered unusable for any length of time, which could cause a cascading failure within the community, which has occurred in other states, such as Mississippi, Alabama and Missouri. This loss of such facilities has impacted both the economic and...
Topics: Education, COOP, Continuity of Operations Plans, Florida Statute 252, FEMA, United States Homeland...
Present procurement practices for purchase of commercial, commercial off-the-shelf, and non-developmental products and services take thirty days and sometimes years to procure and deliver to the end user. Federal Government contracting offices spend costly amounts of time advertising the action and preparing formal solicitation documents for each purchase order generated by the end user. This translates to high administrative costs, high prices and, at times, marginal performance. This research...
Topics: Government purchasing, United States, Public contracts, Competition, Pricing, Socio-economic...
It is Imown that vitamin D3 metabolites and transforming growth factor % (TOF-J3) regulate proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes isolated from the growth zone or resting zone of rat costochondral cartilage. It was hypothesized that both TGF-% and the vitamin D metabolites play a role in signal transduction in the rat costochondral chondrocyte model and that the regulation of protein kinase C by these metabolites would be cell maturation- dependent. Confluent, fourth passage cultures...
The feasibility of using submarine-recorded acceleration and navigational data to detect deep convection in the ocean was explored by comparing actual submarine observations of vertical velocity with vertical velocity of a hypothetical submarine driven through a field of oceanic turbulence predicted by Large-Eddy Simulation (LES). The actual submarine data included time series of three-dimensional acceleration and submarine velocity from the inertial navigation system (INS), gravity and keel...
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The purpose of this study is to provide joint planners with a means to determine when airpower should be the central element of a campaign. Additionally, this study can help planners understand not only when airpower should support surface forces but also when the roles of joint forces may be expected to change as the campaign progresses. To accomplish its purpose, this study provides an analysis of two island campaigns in which air, land, and sea forces were employed; the Guadalcanal Campaign...
This thesis examines the enhancement of traditional classroom instruction through the use of computer mediated communications (CMC). It explores student and instructor involvement with the use of CMC technology. Students must interact with fellow students and the teaching faculty to learn and CMC technology will facilitate this interaction. Previous research on CMC is surveyed. The CMC climate in a graduate level course is examined. The findings indicate that CMC may improve the pedagogical...
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The objective of this thesis is to develop an estimating model to predict the effects of various internal and external variables on Naval aviator retention rates. The estimating model will be useful to aviation program managers to develop a spreadsheet tool for predicting retention rates for Naval aviators. Past analyses have focused mainly on analyzing micro-level data. This thesis uses grouped retention rates for all Naval aviators for fiscal years 1977 through 1993 to determine factors...
The purpose of this thesis is to develop a Markov model to determine the continuation rates for Prior Service and Non-Prior Service enlisted population in the Selected Marine Corps Reserve (SMCR). Determining the end strength for these populations is necessary for reserve manpower planners to balance the force structure to minimize personnel overage or underages that impact training and labor costs, as well as career progression. The results of model validation indicate that models based on...
Topics: Manpower Planning, Markov Model
The U.S. Navy is currently conducting research which will support the production of a MW-class free-electron laser (FEL). The Navy's end-state goal is to design and implement a defense system capable of destroying a fast-flying, anti-ship cruise missile (ASCM) target. To this end, the necessity of ensuring accurate pointing control of the beam is required. The first part of this thesis focuses on the U.S. Navy's desired end-state and investigates the ability of feedback and feed-forward control...
Topics: Space debris., Free-Electron Laser, FEL, Pointing Accuracy, Space Communications, Orbital Debris...
Two common concerns in the use of sandwich composite construction are the effects of low velocity impact and delamination upon structural failure. Finite element analysis of these events can provide a comprehensive time history of the resulting stress strain, displacement, and velocity at all points in a structure. The purpose of this research is to develop a finite element model of a sandwich composite and use this model to analyze the dynamic response of an unbalanced sandwich beam, a...
The purpose of this MBA Project was to investigate and provide an overview of current cost valuation methods used to compare aircraft and then determine if the current methods were satisfactory for comparing dissimilar aircraft platforms. The goal of the project was to develop a model using OandS and procurement cost inputs together with aircraft inventory and utilization data in order to produce a cost per unit hour for any given aircraft. A demonstration of the modelb2ss validity using...
Topics: Methodology., Cost valuation methods, dissimilar aircraft platforms
An analysis of the performance of a binary phase shift keying (BPSK) communication system employing fast frequency hopped (FFH) spread spectrum modulation under conditions of hostile partial band noise interference is performed in this thesis. The data are assumed to be encoded using convolutional coding and the receivers are assumed to use soft decision Viterbi decoding. The receiver structures to be examined are the conventional FFH/BPSK receiver with diversity the conventional FFH/BPSK...
Improving the United States' electromagnetic (EM) and electro-optical (EO) prediction capabilities is imperative to maintaining a tactical advantage in the operational environment. The objective of this research is to estimate aerosol effects on radiative transfer through the atmosphere, particularly the contribution due to coastal surf-generated aerosol, and will include the characterization and measurement of marine aerosols, especially in coastal regions. This research involves analysis of...
Topics: CASPER, coastal aerosol, optical effects
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This MBA Project's objective was to analyze information available to determine if the Air Force should retain or replace its command and control aircraft. To accomplish the objective, research pertaining to the Air Force's aircraft and requirements was conducted along with analyzing new aircraft available that can be modified for current and future missions. The project provides background information about the various missions command and control aircraft perform, as well as the importance of...
Topic: Air Force Command and Control Aircraft.
This thesis research focuses on the cause of strong southerly winds around the Monterey Peninsula, and particularly on the effects of winter storms that produced strong southerly winds. The high-wind events from 2005 through 2008 were analyzed. During this period, sixteen cases were identified that met the criteria of high winds around the Monterey Peninsula. From the sixteen cases, three cases were chosen to complete a detailed analysis of the three storm structures. Results from this research...
Topic: Meteorology
Contrary to common belief, the problems caused by landmines or other counter mobility devices have been threatening the lives of human beings for thousands of years. However, the actual efforts to remove the buried mines are a comparatively new issue. The mine clearance industry has been growing steadily, mostly because of increasing demand from the mine-afflicted countries, NGOs, international organizations and the wealthy donor countries having financial resources to attract the growing...
Topics: Mathematical analysis., Mine clearance Industry, Mine Clearance Firm, Mine Clearance Company,...